Confucius and the Analects of Confucius: While criticizing Confucius and opposing Confucius, he was seriously studying Confucius and his thoughts

2022-04-27 0 By

“I think today’s Chinese scholars should shoulder two major responsibilities.One is to read the Analects of Confucius by oneself, and the other is to persuade others to read it.”It is not surprising to say that Confucius Institutes are flourishing all over the world.The rise of China’s power, its renewed cultural confidence, and the spread of Confucius’s ideas abroad.But this is what Qian Mu said at the New Asia College in Hong Kong in 1962. At that time, China had experienced the most serious ideological trend of “Down with Confucius”, and had just been reborn after the war.Food and clothing has not yet been solved, how to talk about ideological guidance?It happened that Qian Mu in Hong Kong said so and did so.Qian Mu advocated Confucius and devoted himself to the Analects of Confucius, teaching and reading the Analects of Confucius, and writing a New Interpretation of the Analects of Confucius.This book, Confucius and the Analects of Confucius, is a collection of his relevant studies and lectures, and is a major aid to the understanding of Confucius and the Analects of Confucius.Praiseworthy is, why does qian Mu insist?To think of Confucius as a writer of ideas, though it may have lowered his status and stature, transcends class limits, is the application of Maugham’s point of view when he refers to Tolstoy in The Great Masters and Masterpieces.Tolstoy was a nobleman himself, but he distinguished himself by writing War and Peace and Anna Karenina.Similarly, Confucius himself was an aristocrat, but instead of enjoying himself and clinging to petty offices, he embarked on a journey around the world, in which he met old farmers in the fields and experienced life and death escapes.Among his disciples, there were poor people like Yan Hui and rich businessmen like Zi Gong. They paid attention to benevolence in thought and education and taught students according to their abilities. All of these are our wealth today.In Qian Mu’s opinion, the western ideological trend of pursuing freedom, equality and independence in modern times is actually reflected in the experience of Confucius. It is not desirable to exaggerate emotions by criticizing and opposing Confucius and slanderous Confucius.Confucius left Lu to defend himself with a large group of disciples. Fourteen years later, he returned to Lu and came and went as he pleased.But at that time, the world was not so free, and now some countries do not accept students, which is not free.He went to the state of Qi and Wei as a commoner, but Confucius was treated with courtesy.And Confucius said, “riches and honour cannot be sought”, not independent, but for sages, can be done by themselves.From a careful perspective, the equality listed by Qian Mu is the monarch’s thirst for talents, freedom is the smooth communication between countries, and independence is the holy sage, which is different from the appeal of equality, freedom and independence for all.But this attack on Confucius is to break the shackles that have bound Chinese people for thousands of years.Qian Mu’s thinking, based on a larger level, the real world benchmark problem ultimately rely on what to solve?Since the concept of “community of shared future for mankind” was put forward, we can more intuitively see the pattern and attitude of The Chinese people.In his book, Qian Mu argues that philosophy is interested in asking questions, not solving them, and that the real world cannot rely on philosophers.Religion can be used as a guideline for life, but there are different religions in the world, and religious conflicts are constant.Science can be used by people, but it cannot guide them.When the attention falls on Confucius, he puts forward “morality”, people can feel the same mood, can restrain in behavior.Even in China, where The Times and social background are changing, Qian mu believes that Confucius’ words can still be used as a standard – “to be tight to one’s character”, that is, to be tight to one’s character.Easy to be criticized such as “only women and small people difficult to raise”, if only consider the aspect of life, self-study rather than rigid refutation, will be more practical value.How do you do that? How do you read the Analects of Confucius?”The Analects of Confucius can be divided into chapters, and each chapter is useful for one chapter.Every day, anyone who spends a few minutes on a pillow, on a nightstool, on a boat or on a carriage, will read one or two chapters. The whole book has four hundred and ninety-eight chapters, but those that are repeated may be read once a year.”Those who want to read the Analects closely should read the annotations of Zhu Xi, Liu Baonan and He Yan.There is an example in the book “The Master said: Yan Pingzhong was good at making friends with others, and respected them for a long time.”This sentence is easy to understand, but the difficulty lies in the different interpretation of “Zhi”. Is it referring to Yan Zi or yan Zi’s respect for others?In the textual examination, this sentence is either “people respect you for a long time” or “people respect you for a long time”. Some people interpret “zhi” as Yan Zi, while others interpret it as Yan Zi respects others.So which one is more trustworthy?This series of proofreading, annotating and textual examination requires patience and extensive knowledge, and not everyone can do it.What we can do is to understand Confucius, understand the Analects of Confucius, and apply it in real life, study and be human, cultivate one’s morality, improve one’s family, run a country and make the world peaceful.The picture is taken