Ministry of Education: strengthen teaching management to ensure steady and long-term online teaching

2022-07-29 0 By

According to the website of the Ministry of Education, the opinions of the Ministry of Education and other five departments on further strengthening the teaching management of online open courses in regular colleges and universities have been published.The head of the Higher Education Department of the Ministry of Education answered questions on the Opinions.1. What is the main background behind the introduction of the Opinions?A:Since 2013, represented by mu class online open courses in colleges and universities in our country since the rise of continuous advance online open course is built, with the Ministry of Education, learning, pipe, 2019, 2020, has a Chinese lesson for meeting, world class for congress, issued the declaration of Chinese mu class action the lesson for the development of Beijing declaration, union world longed for class and online education,The construction and application of open online courses are booming.Up to now, More than 52,000 MOOCs have been launched in China, with 800 million students studying and 330 million students receiving MOOCs credits, ranking first in the number and scale of MOOCs in the world.After nearly 10 years of continuous construction and development, especially after the large-scale online teaching practice since 2020, online teaching and mixed online and offline teaching have gradually become the new normal of college teaching.In order to comprehensively promote the construction, application, learning and management of online teaching under the new normal, and ensure the healthy development of online teaching, the Ministry, together with the Cyberspace Administration of China, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the Ministry of Public Security, the State Administration for Market Regulation and other departments, started the drafting of the Opinions.2. Please briefly introduce the process of the opinions.Answer: We organize education experts and technical experts to carry out in-depth research, adhere to the problem-oriented, carefully study the causes and countermeasures of the problem of “brushing”, grasp the key links, and put forward targeted policies and measures for relevant responsible subjects.In the process of formulating the document, the opinions of different types of central and local universities, relevant curriculum platforms and technical experts were extensively listened to, so as to promote democracy and pool the wisdom of all.3. What are the objects and scope of application of the Opinions?A: The object of the document specification is mainly universities, teachers, students and online open course platforms.The scope of application is ordinary institutions of higher learning, including ordinary undergraduate institutions of higher learning, vocational education and online open courses for credit recognition of continuing education for academic qualifications held by colleges and universities.4. What are the major measures introduced by the Opinions?A: Online course teaching management involves universities, teachers, students, course platforms and relevant administrative departments, etc. The document focuses on five aspects and puts forward relevant measures.First, strengthen the principal responsibility of colleges and universities.Colleges and universities are responsible for the teaching management of open online courses. It is necessary to improve the management system of open online courses, strengthen the teaching service and management, strictly manage the selection of courses, and seriously assess and evaluate the courses.Second, improve the teaching quality of teachers.The main lecturers and teaching teams of online open courses in colleges and universities should provide teaching services in accordance with the requirements of the teaching syllabus, and the responsible teachers of selected courses should strengthen the management and service of the whole process of online teaching.Third, strict discipline in students’ study and examination.Colleges and universities are required to strengthen students’ awareness of honesty and discipline, strictly regulate online learning and discipline, and seriously investigate and punish violations of laws and regulations.Fourth, we will strengthen supervision and management of platforms.Platforms requiring credit courses should have no lower security protection level than Level 3.The platform must use next-generation information technology to enhance learning process monitoring.The education administrative departments have implemented big data monitoring on the platforms providing credit courses, and established the platform filing mechanism and the “black and white list” system.Fifth, carry out joint governance.In coordination with the five departments of cyberspace, industry and information Technology, public security and market supervision, joint law enforcement has been carried out, and platforms, businesses and individuals suspected of illegal and criminal activities have been severely investigated in accordance with the law.5. Why are the Opinions jointly issued by the Ministry of Education, the Cyberspace Administration of China, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the Ministry of Public Security and the State Administration for Market Regulation?Answer: According to the Opinions, The State Council education administrative department and provincial education administrative department take the lead in the teaching management of open online courses.Considering that open online courses are new things produced with the development of the Internet, especially the problems of “brushing courses” and illegal advertisements in the process of online teaching, it involves the management of multiple responsibility subjects.According to the administrative authority, we reached consensus with the Cyberspace Administration of China, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the Ministry of Public Security and the State Administration for Market Regulation and decided to jointly publish a document to carry out joint law enforcement.6. What are the policy innovations in the Opinions?Answer: First, implement credit course big data monitoring.Relying on the higher education management platform, the college credit course data monitoring center is established to implement big data monitoring for online credit course teaching.The state administrative department of education shall, based on the monitoring situation, notify and hold accountable those universities and platforms where abnormal learning behaviors are concentrated.Second, the establishment of platform “black and white list” mechanism.Platforms that offer courses for credit must be put on record on the education mobile Internet Application filing management platform, and those that pass the examination will be put on the “white list”, while those with frequent “course brushing” problems, poor course quality and backward management services will be put on the “blacklist”.Universities must choose courses for credit from “whitelisted” platforms.7. What are the requirements and measures for the next step in implementing the Guidelines?Answer: In order to ensure the effectiveness of the document, all colleges and universities are required to formulate specific implementation measures according to the Opinions and the actual situation of the local and the university.The Ministry of Education will join forces with the Cyberspace Administration of China (CAC), the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the Ministry of Public Security and the State Administration for Market Regulation to launch a special campaign to tackle the problem at an appropriate time.Source: CCTV.com